Vietnam a synonym of the word resistance, not only they resisted the Japanese empire during the colonial era but also a superpower in it's fight for independence. Such level of war, resource and human management did not only shook those who thought of this small nation as another third world country but also stood as a wall for those trying to tear her apart. The leaders of the communist party believed that modernizing the navy would help not only in countering China as China is smart enough to not make the same mistake twice attacking Vietnam through Land which proved disastrous. The Chinese navy back of the 21st century is completely different from the one back in the 80s. The new Chinese navy is built to deter keeping America in mind.
As the first president of Afghanistan following the toppling of the Taliban, Hamid Karzai’s legacy will always be decidedly mixed. The famously mercurial Karzai masterfully navigated the traditional tribal politics of Afghanistan, but arguably laid the groundwork for much of the corruption and weak governance that plague the Afghan government today. During his tenure, Karzai often made headlines by frequently excoriating Pakistan for harboring the Afghan Taliban and attempting to rule Kabul by proxy. When Ashraf Ghani, a former World Bank official and development specialist, came to power in 2014, he attempted to reset relations with Islamabad—even shelving a request for military assistance from India, Pakistan’s principal rival. It did not take him long to reconsider.